Field Crop Production

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Extension in support of field crop production includes faculty and staff from several Cornell departments and sections.

Faculty and staff in the Section of Soil and Crop Sciences

Faculty and staff in other departments and sections

Cooperatively, this team works closely with New York County based extension educators on applied research and extension education activities to provide leadership and coordination for integrated field crop management in New York State in the following areas:

corn

Corn

Corn is a major field crop in New York State with more than 1 million acres planted annually. Typically, grain corn (including dry-shelled and high-moisture) represents 55% of the acreage, whereas corn silage represents the remaining 45% of the acreage. Recently, corn has been a very profitable crop to grow because of relatively high yields as well as high prices received by farmers.


forage crop

Forages

Forage-Livestock Systems focus on interdisciplinary basic and applied research on forages and the animals that consume them. The centerpiece of New York State agriculture is dairy farming, and the base for this industry is forage crops. Northeast livestock farmers must be able to manage a profitable business that is also sustainable in terms of environmental stewardship. Forage-Livestock Systems utilizing both grasses and legumes for stored feed, as well as for grazing, can have a positive impact on sustainable agriculture in New York.


grain crops

Small Grains

Small grains, which include winter and spring wheat, winter and spring barley, oats, and rye, play an important role in crop rotations on many New York farms. Under good soil conditions and management practices, small grains can produce profitable yields of grain for the cash market or farm feeding. Equally important is the value of the straw crop.  Malting barley is also gaining traction in NYS as the NY craft beer industry continues to grow.


soybean seedlings

Soybeans

Acreage of soybeans in New York continues to increase, not just in the traditional district at the head of the Finger Lakes, but throughout the state. Although soybeans are not difficult to grow, buyers are discriminating about seed quality, so producers must learn to harvest and handle the crop with skill and care.


fields

Variety Trials

Cornell has several departments and sections, including Crop and Soil Sciences, which offer agricultural services and information on crop variety testing to farmers, seed producers and distributors, and gardeners throughout the state.


Associated Programs

In addition to the above research programs on field crops, the Integrated Field Crops team is a part of a collective of programs which further and advance the development of field crops.  These programs lead the way in new innovations in field crop production and aid New York field crop producers in realizing the greatest crop success.